The web browser has become a staple of the modern computer for its ability to access websites and web based programs. Many people simply need a good browser that gets them through their web traveling easily and simply. Sadly, most web browsers are filled to the brim with spyware, bloat, tracking, or lack some basic features. For this, I have compiled a list of browsers that, based on categorization, I suggest.
What you shouldn't use
If you are using any of the following browsers, you should likely swap as soon as you can! These are all bad news for user freedom and some even contain outright malware that actively works against you.
Stop spreading FUD. Piwik as employed by Vivaldi is not "spyware." Piwik is not a "spyware company" (unless Google, Facebook, Yahoo, TVGuide, Microsoft, Apple, NYT, Huffpo, Ancestry.com, WaPo, CenturyLink and McAfee are "spyware companies" — in which case just disconnect your computer and go to bed). It is irresponsible and malicious of you to lie about Vivaldi in this fashion. If you want to know what a connection does, ask. But don't sling around reckless accusations.
In spite of being free software, Mozilla's Firefox is a very user hostile experience when not mitigated. Firefox sends a "phoning home" request home upon launching to Mozilla. This means that, every time you launch the browser, Mozilla gets a notification that you have. Not only does Mozilla get a nice ping when you use their browser, but so does Google when you're browsing for addons. The devs refuse to remove this anti-feature either. Mozilla also collects user data on even simple, blank pages of both a mix of uniquely identifiable information and what the user is doing. This is down to even simple tasks as preforming a search, bookmarking, and deleting items from your history. This sort of behavior is absolutely ill of a free software application such as Firefox. If you wish to read more on Mozilla's sins in the browser, check out its Spyware Watchdog page. If you wish to liberate your Firefox from Mozilla's control, you can always use Spyware Watchdog's mitigation guide as to fix Mozilla's problems. Though, if this is too much for you, you could always check out the Normalfren-friendly browsers or any other of the listed alternatives below as great replacements for this freedom disrespecting software.
For The Normalfren
Browsers for the average Joe-shmoe. All are solid picks and put functionality and simplicity over bloat, spyware, and features.
GNU/Linux M$ Windows MacOS
(Almost) The best out-of-box experience for privacy you can get that isn't TTB. It's quite normalfren friendly, keeps all the Mozilla spyware out of the browser, is quick, responsive, and over all properly works for most use cases. Its all someone could ever wish for in a browser as its just Firefox minus the garbage. If you need a browser that just works, use this. I'd also suggest installing No Script if you want a browsing experience that is ultra secure in private.
By default, Librewolf comes with some nasty features like contacting other services to verify domains and search suggestions. I'd suggest going to the preferences as you would any other Firefox-like browser (look up how to edit preferences in Firefox if you don't know how) and swapping the search feature's provide search suggestion to off, and go to privacy/security and turn off blocking of dangerous/deceptive content and turn off querying OCSP respond servers. From here, this should be good enough to mitigate some of the undesirable aspects of Librewolf.
The Tor Browser
GNU/Linux M$ Windows MacOS Android
Imagine Librewolf, but it also allows you to use Tor. That's simply what this is. It's a modified and hardened version of Firefox that uses Tor to connect to the internet. It is of note that you shouldn't sign in to anything with this browser nor should you install too many extensions besides what is needed. It is also suggested that you use NoScript to its fullest potential for maximum anonymity. The only downside would be that you cannot sign into anything as it would deanonymize you (you could use Librewolf for this however) and that TTB is extraordinarily slow due to its usage of Tor. However, TTB is really good for browsing the internet anonymously and maybe even watching a video or two with invidious.
GNU/Linux M$ Windows MacOS
Ungoogled Chromium is similar to Librewolf as it tries its best to patch out all the Google tracking junk in Chromium rather than the Mozilla tracking junk in Firefox. It does a pretty good job, but, because Chromium is a massive codebase, it shouldn't be relied on totally. For every day use for privacy, it's pretty good. It also has the benefits Chromium has in terms of sandboxing and security. If you simply do not like how Firefox-like browsers function, then Ungoogled-Chromium is the ideal choice of the three. It should be noted that, out of box, it doesn't come with some features and you will have to configure it a bit yourself.
For The Boomer
Browsers for the older generation (or at least those who like to larp as if they're from an older generation). All browsers here have a dated look, but are still strong picks.
GNU/Linux M$ Windows MacOS
Otter browser is a reimplementation of Opera's old look and feel in a modern light. It is built off QT and the developers suggest building from source, but the devs offer precompiled binaries from sourceforge. Otter is perfect for boomers who loved Opera, but hate its modern direction.
Pale MoonM$ Windows
Pale Moon is a forked version of Firefox pre-UI changes. The developers of Pale Moon have made some very strange and over all poor choices in regards to development. Namely the biggest sins would be them blocking NoScript and Ad Nauseum along with their extraordinarily cringe and tracker filled start up page. If the software is properly mitigated it becomes very usable and isn't spyware, though, if you are using GNU/Linux, you might as well use Werefox.
A GNU/Linux only browser that's a fork of Pale Moon. This fork strips out out much of the issues that Pale Moon had by default. No configuration needed. This browser must be built from source though, but has stupid simple build instructions that anyone with basic terminal knowledge should be able to use.
<h2 id=Minimalist>For The Minimalist</h2>
Extensions of Note
An addon that blocks trackers, ads, malware, and other garbage from your browser. A must-have for any reasonable browsing experience.
Firefox Vintage Firefox
Chrome Firefox Opera
Trolls advertisers by both blocking ads and giving false clicks. Actively drains advertisers pockets AND protects your privacy by giving a stream of garbage analytic to these companies. Some will whine that its "fraudulent" to bill the advertisers, but if you're a bit of a rebel that might make you happy. Pisses off advertisers, pisses off moralfags, and pisses off consoomers who want a cringe, advertiser focused internet.